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European Union Election Observation Mission to Afghanistan 2005

Map by ethnicity of AfghanistanThe European Commission has deployed an EU Election Observation Mission (EOM) for the parliamentary and provincial elections scheduled to take place on 18 September. The EU EOM will be led by Emma Bonino, Member of the European Parliament and its Committee on Foreign Affairs. The EOM is a further contribution by the European Commission to supporting peace and democratisation in Afghanistan. Commenting on the deployment Benita Ferrero-Waldner, Commissioner for External Relations and European Neighbourhood Policy, stated:

“Election Observation Missions are an important instrument for building confidence in the democratic processes of a country. Following the successful conduct of the presidential election last year, I hope that Afghanistan will further consolidate its democracy in the forthcoming elections. I am convinced that our EOM, headed by Emma Bonino, will increase the transparency of the process through its presence and reporting.”

The 2005 elections in Afghanistan will be held for the lower house of Parliament and provincial councils. They will mark a further crucial step in the Bonn transition process and Afghanistan’s stabilisation.

Deployment of all EOM staff in Afghanistan will be subject to careful and continuing security assessment. A core team of election experts arrived in Kabul in July, followed by long-term observers at the beginning of August, who will be deployed to the provincial level to follow the campaign period and pre-election preparations. Short-term observers will arrive shortly prior to Election Day to observe voting, counting and the tabulation of results.

In addition to committing 4 million Euro costs of the EOM, a contribution of 8.5 million Euro is being provided towards the cost of organising these elections, as well as 3 million Euro for the institutional development of the Afghan parliament. These are elements of a 1 billion Euro package over 5 years for the reconstruction of the country.

During the 2004 presidential election, the European Commission deployed a Democracy and Election Support Mission (DESM), which concluded that the election “met many key international standards for democratic elections.”


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