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Living together - Combining diversity and freedom in 21st-century Europe [Report of the Group of Eminent Persons of the Council of Europe] PDF DOWNLOAD >>

DOCUMENTARIO DEDICATO DA AL-JAZEERA ALLA LEADER RADICALE EMMA BONINO

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>> The Yemen Observer


DEMOCRACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS CONFERENCE IN THEORY AND REALITY

By Ghamdan Yusufi SANA’A - “Democracy is the lifebuoy for all political regimes in the third world,” stated President Ali Abdullah Saleh in his opening address of the Democracy and Human Rights Conference in Sana’a last week. The statement could have been a motto for the whole event. During the three-day conference, attended by representatives from 52 countries, the President said that democracy will help nations show a firm rejection of force and external interference, impose their national sovereignty and make the noninterference principle permanent so that neither individuals’ nor countries’ rights could be infringed upon, as currently happens all the time throughout the world. Although the Sana’a Declaration that marked the conclusion of the conference was unanimously approved, heated debate was the norm, with representatives of various organizations not always in complete agreement. Underdevelopment, poverty and the wide gap between developed and developing countries were identified by conference attendees as incurable obstacles without the full implementation of democracy. “If they are not abolished,” argued Mr. Ahmed Ghaleb of the Yemen Socialist Party, “they may tear apart social peace and deepen oppression in society.” He added that stigmatizing people as disbelievers and issuing fatwas that incite violence result only in more violence, confiscating people’s right to live and think in peace, contrary to Islamic values of tolerance and leniency. The Joint Meeting Parties (JMPs) called for empowered local rule through which people could be able to run their affairs and participate actively in development. They argued, however, that such goals have not been accomplished yet through parliamentary and presidential elections. The JMPs did express their support for Yemen’s contribution to humanitarian values and its preparations to ratify the treaty recognizing the International Criminal Court. Yemen’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Dr. Abu Bakr Al-Qirbi said in a press conference that Yemen has approved ratification of the court, but that the subject was referred to Parliament for endorsement. However, Emma Bonino, representative of No Peace Without Justice and principal organizer of the conference, urged the government to sign the agreement immediately. She brought out a pen and offered it to the FM, saying, “I would like you to sign the treaty with this pen.” For many, though, the International Criminal Court was far from the biggest concern. Member of Parliament Dr. Abdul-Rahman Bafadhl called upon the world to consider the crippling debt that more than half of the planet is in. The majority of the populations of many countries suffer from abject poverty. He asked the whole world to reconsider wealth sharing and tax systems and warned that unless people can find their daily bread, extremism might be the only viable option. He went on to say that the issue of human rights is usually employed to serve the political goals of certain countries. “The UN must come forward with a definite mechanism so that governments will not be the parties that appoint human rights committees,” he said. In comments pointed particularly at the unilateral action of the United States in Iraq and in countermanding the efforts of the ICC, he added that paying no heed to international organizations could lead to a third world war. Yasser Ahmed Al-Awadhi, another MP, voiced similar frustration. “There are at least two Arab countries still under occupation in the 21st century!” he said. “Innocent people are killed and houses and towns are pulled down.” He said that justice was the only weapon not used by the USA so far, while this is in some cases the very thing the “terrorists” say they are fighting for. “Justice will be the only way to rid us of this plague [of terrorism],” said Al-Awadhi. Minister of Human Rights Amat Al-Alim Al-Suswa said in a press conference that her ministry takes what is published in the local press seriously and acts on it. She explained, however, that “we are still in the beginning stage, and all that has been done is to establish a legal and institutional basis for the ministry’s work.” Ms. Al-Suswa further said that the conference was an opportunity that would add much to Yemen’s experience. She said it was a healthy phenomenon for Arab countries to compete through establishing human rights ministries and organizations. Dr. Al-Qirbi concluded that democracy could be a reality only when the government, opposition and NGOs embrace the conviction that it is not a means that serves their personal interests, but their whole country.





Altri articoli su:
[ Islam e democrazia ] [ Corte Penale Internazionale e Tribunale Penale Internazionale ] [ ONU e OMD ] [ Conferenza di Sana'a ] [ Diritti Umani, Civili  & Politici ]

Comunicati su:
[ Islam e democrazia ] [ Corte Penale Internazionale e Tribunale Penale Internazionale ] [ ONU e OMD ] [ Conferenza di Sana'a ] [ Diritti Umani, Civili  & Politici ]

Interventi su:
[ Islam e democrazia ] [ Corte Penale Internazionale e Tribunale Penale Internazionale ] [ ONU e OMD ] [ Conferenza di Sana'a ] [ Diritti Umani, Civili  & Politici ]


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